Español  English  

Consulta Plantas

Gardening and plant care since 2001

Find plants

Care of the plant Iris foetidissima or Roast-beef plant.

Care of the rhizomatous plant Iris foetidissima or Roast-beef plant

The genus Iris, family Iridaceae, comprises 300 species of rhizomatous and bulbous plants native to temperate regions of Europe, Asia, Africa and America. Some species are: Iris foetidissima, Iris orientalis, Iris germanica, Iris pseudacorus, Iris unguicularis, Iris pumila, Iris xiphium, Iris lutescens, Iris aucheri.

Common names: Stinking gladwin, Roast-beef plant, Gladwin iris, Stinking iris. This species is native to the western Mediterranean, the Azores islands, North Africa, and western Europe.

They are rhizomatous herbaceous plants that reach 80 cm (31.49") in height. The evergreen, deep green, sword-shaped leaves give off an unpleasant odor if touched. The attractive flowers are lilac with yellow tones and mottled. They bloom from mid-spring to early summer. The fruits, yellow or red, can be decorative.

They are used to form groups in undergrowth, next to ponds and pools, in rockeries or combined by ornamental grasses. They are ideal for coastal gardens because of their resistance to the sea breeze.

Iris foetidissima can grow in full sun (it will flower less), semi-shade or shade exposures. They resist frost down to -12 ºC (10.4 ºF).

The soil should be well drained, slightly loamy, and contain organic matter. The rhizomes are planted in the fall.

They resist drought so they have to be watered moderately, waiting for the soil to dry out before adding more water. They can withstand a few days of drought.

Fertilize with compost in late winter.

Prune intensively at the end of flowering.

They are resistant plants to the most common pests but sensitive to excess humidity.

They propagate from seeds sown in spring or autumn and by division of the rhizome in autumn.

Images of the rhizomatous plant Iris foetidissima or Roast-beef plant

Iris foetidissima
Iris foetidissima