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Care of the plant Helleborus niger or Christmas rose.

Care of the rhizomatous plant Helleborus niger or Christmas rose

The genus Helleborus, family Ranunculaceae, comprises 20 species of perennial herbaceous plants native to southern Europe and the Middle East. Some species are: Helleborus niger, Helleborus foetidus, Helleborus lividus, Helleborus orientalis, Helleborus odorus, Helleborus viridis, Helleborus purpurascens.

Common names: Christmas rose, Bear's foot, Black hellebore. This species is native to Europe.

They are perennial rhizomatous plants of creeping bearing that reach 50 cm (19.68") in height. They have leathery, palmate-shaped, dark green leaves with oval leaflets. The attractive flowers are large, with 5 petals and white (there are pink, red and pink varieties). They bloom during the winter until early spring.

They are used to form clumps, in undergrowth, for mixed borders, and in pots for balconies, patios or terraces. They are also used as a cut flower.

Helleborus niger is an ideal plant for low-light or shady exposures. It prefers a temperate climate but can withstand cold and the occasional frost (it can lose leaves and flowers but sprout again).

The soil should be slightly calcareous or clayey, light and rich in humus and manure. Planting can be done from mid-autumn to early spring; plant 40 cm (15.74") apart between specimens.

Water regularly so that the substrate is always damp (never water). They do not resist excess water or drought.

Fertilize every year with manure and mineral fertilizer every 15 days during flowering.

Prune in autumn to remove yellowish leaves and dry parts of the plant.

They are plants resistant to pests and diseases.

They propagate by division in late winter or early spring; Starting from seeds is a slow process.

Images of the rhizomatous plant Helleborus niger or Christmas rose

Helleborus niger
Helleborus niger
Helleborus niger
Helleborus niger