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Care of the plant Euphorbia cotinifolia or Caribbean copper.

Care of the shrub Euphorbia cotinifolia or Caribbean copper

The genus Euphorbia, family Euphorbiaceae, includes 2,000 species of succulents, trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants of cosmopolitan distribution. Some species are: Euphorbia cotinifolia, Euphorbia lambiiEuphorbia piscatoriaEuphorbia regis-jubae, Euphorbia umbellata, Euphorbia pulcherrima, Euphorbia milii, Euphorbia characias,  Euphorbia dendroides, Euphorbia rigida, Euphorbia leucocephala, Euphorbia anachoreta, Euphorbia tithymaloides.

Common names: Mexican shrubby spurge, Tropical smoke bush, Smoketree spurge, Caribbean copper. This species is native to Mexico and South America.

They are shrubs or small trees with a rounded crown that reach 4 meters (13.12 feet) in height. The decorative reddish leaves are elliptical in shape; they are perennial if they do not suffer from frost or drought. They produce small white flowers that are not very decorative. They bloom in spring.

They are used as isolated specimens in small gardens and to form hedges.

The Euphorbia cotinifolia needs direct sun exposure; in semi-shade the leaves will be green. It is a tropical plant that does not resist cold or frost.

The soil must be fertile and very well drained; use a garden substrate with 20% sand and 25% organic matter.

Water regularly so that the soil is always a bit damp (never water); if they suffer drought they can lose the leaves and even some branches.

Fertilize in autumn with manure or compost.

Prune in late winter to keep it compact.

They are plants quite resistant to pests and diseases; they only fear cold and drought.

They propagate by seeds sown in spring or by semi-woody cuttings in summer.

Images of the shrub Euphorbia cotinifolia or Caribbean copper

Euphorbia cotinifolia
Euphorbia cotinifolia
Euphorbia cotinifolia
Euphorbia cotinifolia
Euphorbia cotinifolia