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Care of the plant Copiapoa calderana or Copiapoa lembckei.

Care of the cacti Copiapoa calderana or Copiapoa lembckei

The genus Copiapoa, family Cactaceae, comprises 25 species of cactus native to northern Chile. Some species are: Copiapoa calderana, Copiapoa grandiflora, Copiapoa cinerea, Copiapoa malletiana, Copiapoa haseltoniana, Copiapoa humilis, Copiapoa coquimbana, Copiapoa taltalensis, Copiapoa echinoides, Copiapoa krainziana, Copiapoa marginata.

This species is native to Chile. Scientific synonyms: Copiapoa atacamensis, Copiapoa lembckei.

They are solitary cacti (sometimes producing suckers) with a light green globose or cylindrical body that reach 10 cm (3.93") in diameter. They have 10 to 17 rounded ribs with gray areolas that turn white. They have 4-7 radial spines and 1-2 central brown spines that turn grayish. They produce scented yellow flowers at the apex of the cactus.

These slow-growing plants are used in rockery, in cold greenhouses and on balconies, terraces, and in well-ventilated and well-lit interiors.

Copiapoa calderana needs full sun exposure and temperatures above 4 ºC (39.2 ºF). They do not resist frost.

The soil can be a commercial cactus substrate with 20% coarse siliceous sand. The transplant is done in early spring.

Water moderately, waiting for the substrate to dry completely; they are sensitive to excess moisture. In winter the waterings are suspended.

Fertilize every 3 weeks in summer with mineral fertilizer for cacti rich in potassium.

They do not need pruning.

They are plants sensitive to excess humidity; They can be attacked by mites and mealybugs if ventilation is not adequate.

They propagate by seeds sown in a nursery without direct sun; they do not always produce suckers.

Images of the cacti Copiapoa calderana or Copiapoa lembckei

Copiapoa calderana
Copiapoa calderana
Copiapoa calderana
Copiapoa calderana